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PERSONALITY DESCRIPTION OF A SAMPLE OF PATHOLOGICAL GAMBLERS

Gianluigi Conte, Francesca D’Amico, Annamaria Di Gioia, Mariapia Di Paolo, Raffaella Franza*, Anna Gerecitano*, Corrado Villella, Pietro Bria, L. Allegretti* M. Pomponi

D.H. of Clinical Psychiatry and Drug Dependency,
Institute of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology,
A. Gemelli Hospital, U.C.S.C., Roma
*ONLUS “La Promessa”


In Italy Pathological Gambling is a widespread dependence but often underestimated and little investigated.
Aim: This study evaluates personality features of a sample of subjects admitted in Day Hospital from November 2006 to January 2007 for pathological gambling.

Instruments: Diagnostical instruments: South Oacks Gambling Screen (SOGS, Lesieur H.R., Blume S.B.), Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20, Taylor G.J), Rorschach Test, Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI, Cloninger C. R.).

Outcomes: All subjects have been identified as pathological gamblers according to SOGS parameters; most of them reported high alexythimia scores according to TAS-20, known in literature as a possible risk factor for gambling. Rorscharch Test (according to Klopfer signing) has shown general difficulty in impulses control associated with high anguish levels; TCI: a medium-elevate score in the Novelty Seeking (NS) dimension detects that gamblers in our sample are frequently involved in exciting and original activities, but quickly giving up, due to their poor faculty of frustration tolerance or reward delay.

U Italiji je patološko kockanje široko rasprostranjena ovisnost ali često nedovoljno ili malo istraživan.
Cilj: Ova studija evaluira osobine ličnosti na uzorku subjekata koji su zbog patloškog kockanja primljeni u Dnevnu bolnicu tijekom studenog 2006. do siječnja 2007.godine.
Instrument: Dijagnostički instrumenti: South Oacks Gambling Screen (SOGS, Lesieur H.R., Blume S.B.), Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20, Taylor G.J), Rorschach Test, Temperament and Character Inventory (Cloninger C. R.).
Ishodi: Svi subjekti identificirani kao patološki kockari u skladu sa SOGS parametarima, većina pokazuje visok skor aleksitimije premaTAS-20 skali, što je poznato u literaturi kao mogući rizični faktor za kockanje. Rorscharch Test (usklađen sa klopferovim znakovima) je prikazao opću različitos u kontroli impulsa pridruženu visokoj tjeskobi; TCI daje srednje-povišne skor u dimenzijama Traženje novoga (Novelty Seeking, NS) koje detektiraju one kockare u našem uzorku koji su često uključeni u uzbuđujuće i originalne aktivnosti, ali brzo odustaju, zbog svojih loših sposobnosti podnošenja i toleriranja frustracija ili odgodu gratifikacije.

 

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